How China Built Out Its Old Tech Infrastructure

China has been investing heavily in its old tech infrastructure, and the results are starting to show. How did they do it, and what can we learn from them?

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The Chinese Approach

China’s development over the past few decades has been nothing short of miraculous. They’ve gone from being a country that was largely isolated from the rest of the world to becoming an economic powerhouse. A big part of their success has been their willingness to embrace old technology and put their own spin on it.

The Chinese government’s role

The Chinese government has played a critical role in developing the country’s technology infrastructure. In the earliest days of China’s economic reform program, the state sector was the primary source of investment in new construction projects. This continued through the 1990s, when China began to attract foreign direct investment (FDI), which was used to finance many new tech ventures.

In recent years, the Chinese government has taken a more active role in directly investing in and financing tech projects, particularly in the area of 5G rollout. In 2018, the government allocated $24 billion for 5G development, and it is widely expected that this number will increase over the next few years.

The government has also been supportive of domestic tech companies through various policy measures, such as tax breaks and subsidies. This has helped create a favorable environment for these companies to grow and scale up their operations.

The Chinese people’s role

China’s development over the last several decades has been nothing short of miraculous. What is even more amazing is that they have been able to do this with a largely uneducated workforce. In 1978, China had roughly the same number of college graduates as Sub-Saharan Africa. Today, China has over 20 times as many. And yet, despite this lack of education, the Chinese have been able to rapidly develop their economy and infrastructure.

One reason for this is that the Chinese have always placed a great emphasis on rote learning and memorization. This method of teaching may not produce the most creative thinkers, but it does produce individuals who are very good at following instructions and who are extremely disciplined. This is exactly the kind of workforce that is needed to build infrastructure.

The other reason for China’s success is that they have always been willing to learn from others. Unlike many developed countries, which tend to view themselves as superior to developing countries, the Chinese have always been humble and eager to learn from anyone who can help them move forward. This has allowed them to take advantage of the best practices from around the world in order to build their own world-class infrastructure.

The Infrastructure

When it comes to old technology, nobody does it quite like China. The country has a long and illustrious history of using ancient technologies to solve modern problems. From building the world’s first irrigation system to using traditional Chinese medicine to fight the Covid-19 pandemic, China has always been at the forefront of utilizing old tech in new ways.

The internet

China’s internet is big. And it’s getting bigger. By one estimate, there are now 730 million internet users in China, more than twice the number in the united states But China’s internet is not just big, it’s also different. The most popular sites are not Google or Facebook but Chinese ones like Baidu and Alibaba. And the government tightly controls what people can see and say online.

The internet first came to China in 1994, when a professor at Beijing University set up the country’s first email account. Since then, the Chinese government has been both promoting and regulating the internet’s development. It has encouraged businesses to use the internet to sell to Chinese consumers and required foreign companies to partner with local firms if they want to do business in China. At the same time, the government has censored online content and used surveillance to track and jail dissidents who use the internet to organize or spread their ideas.

As a result of these policies, China today has one of the world’s most sophisticated – and largest – online populations. But it is also a population that is largely isolated from the rest of the world wide web, due to censorship and government restrictions.


The development of telecommunication in China is one of the most amazing infrastructure achievements in history. From analog systems in the 1980s to a nationwide digital system in just a few years, China’s transformation is a case study in execution at scale. The Chinese government’s commitment to connectivity and its use of market-based reforms led to rapid advances in technology and services, culminating in China having the world’s largest telecommunications network by 2002.

China started its telecom reform journey in the late 1970s as part of its economic opening up policy. The country had a well-developed analog telephone system, but it was limited in capacity and only available to a small percentage of urban residents. The Chinese government decided to build a national digital network using international technology standards, which would provide high-quality voice and data services to businesses and households across the country.

To achieve this goal, China recruited international telecom equipment vendors and signed joint ventures with foreign companies such as Motorola and Siemens. These partnerships allowed China to gain access to cutting-edge technology, while also providing valuable foreign investment and know-how. In addition, the Chinese government established special economic zones (SEZs) where foreign companies could operate without many of the restrictions that existed elsewhere in the country.

The use of SEZs was instrumental in jumpstarting China’s telecom sector, as it attracted hundreds of foreign firms to set up operations in these areas. As a result of these initiatives, China was able to rapidly deploy a nationwide digital telecommunications network using international technology standards. This network provided high-quality voice and data services to businesses and households across the country, greatly improving connectivity between different parts of China.

Today, China’s telecom sector is one of the most advanced in the world, with over 1 billion mobile subscribers and close to 300 million broadband users. The country has also emerged as a leading manufacturer of telecom equipment, with Chinese firms such as Huawei and ZTE supplying products to customers all over the globe.

The Future

If you want to understand how a country can dominate a particular industry, look no further than China. The East Asian powerhouse has quickly ascended to the top of the global tech landscape, and it’s no coincidence that the country is home to some of the world’s most popular and successful tech companies. But how did China build out its old tech infrastructure so quickly?


The fifth generation of cellular technology, 5G, is the next big thing in wireless. 5G promises much faster speeds and lower latency than 4G LTE, the current standard. It also has the potential to enable a new wave of applications and services, from connected cars to virtual reality.

China is already a leader in 4G LTE deployment, and it is poised to take the lead in 5G as well. The country has made a major investment in 5G research and development, and it has Trials for 5G networks are already underway in several Chinese cities.

One area where China is particularly strong is in the development of 5G infrastructure. The country has been investing heavily in the construction of 5G base stations and other network infrastructure. As a result, China is expected to have more than 200,000 5G base stations by 2020. This will give it a significant advantage in the race to deploy 5G networks worldwide.


Artificial intelligence is rapidly becoming one of the most important technologies of our time. It is being used in a growing number of industries, from healthcare and finance to manufacturing and retail.

China is no stranger to this trend. The country has been a major player in the development of AI, and its investment in the technology is only increasing. In 2017, China’s government released a plan to become the world leader in AI by 2030. This ambition is reflected in the country’s recent actions, from investing billions of dollars in AI startups to establishing dedicated research centers.

In many ways, China is well-positioned to achieve its goal of becoming the global AI leader. The country has a large and rapidly growing economy, a vast pool of talent, and ample data to train AI systems. However, there are also several challenges that China will need to overcome if it wants to realize its vision. These include a lack of transparency, ethical concerns, and competition from other countries.

Despite these challenges, there is no doubt that China is making significant progress in the field of artificial intelligence. This progress is likely to have far-reaching consequences for the country and the world as a whole.

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