- Exascale Computing
- China’s Exascale Supercomputer
- China’s Exascale Computing Technology
- The Future of Exascale Computing
China is leading the way in the development of exascale supercomputing technology. Here’s how their advancements are changing the game.
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China has developed an exascale computer, which is a computer that can perform one quintillion operations per second. This is a big deal because no other country has been able to create an exascale computer yet. China’s exascale computer is twice as fast as the next fastest supercomputer, which is located in the united states
What is Exascale Computing?
Exascale computing is a term used to describe high performance computing (HPC) systems that can perform at least a billion billion (10^18) floating point operations (flops) per second. In practical terms, this means Exascale machines will be able to perform a quintillion (10^18) operations in the time it takes you to blink an eye.
This is a significant jump from today’s fastest machine, China’s Sunway TaihuLight, which can achieve 93 petaflops (10^15), or about 10% of an Exascale system. The United States is currently working on its own Exascale system, called Aurora, which is scheduled to come online in 2021.
While the primary focus of Exascale computing is to provide unprecedented levels of performance for scientific and engineering applications, there are also potential benefits for commercial applications and big data analytics. For example, an Exascale system could be used to simulate real-world scenarios for new products or services, or to process large data sets for security purposes.
The development of Exascale systems is being driven by a number of factors, including the ever-increasing demand for HPC resources and the need to process big data sets. However, the biggest challenges facing developers are the technical challenges associated with building systems that can achieve such high levels of performance.
Some of the challenges associated with Exascale computing include:
* Developing new processor architectures that can take advantage of parallelism at scale;
* Creatingmemory subsystems that can keep pace with the processor;
* Building power-efficient systems that can run for extended periods of time;
* Creating software tools and applicationsthat can make use of the vast amount of data generated by an Exascale system;
* Addressing security concerns associated with building systems with such vast computational power.
The Benefits of Exascale Computing
Exascale computing is a major technological advance that promises faster, more efficient computing power. This next-generation of computing technology is capable of a billion-billion (10^18) calculations per second, which is nearly one hundred times faster than the current fastest machines.
This increase in speed and efficiency will have a profound impact on many industries and aspects of society. For example, exascale computing can be used to develop new treatments for disease, design more efficient cars and airplanes, and help scientists understand the universe better.
In addition to the benefits that exascale computing will bring, it is also important to note that this technology is being pioneered by China. As such, China is likely to be at the forefront of this transformative technology and could reap significant economic and strategic benefits as a result.
China’s Exascale Supercomputer
China has long been a leader in the development of high performance computing (HPC) systems. In 2010, the country unveiled the world’s first petaflop-scale supercomputer, the Tianhe-1A. This machine was followed by the Tianhe-2, which became the world’s most powerful supercomputer in 2013. In June 2015, China’s Sunway TaihuLight topped the list of the world’s fastest supercomputers.
The Tianhe-2 Supercomputer
The Tianhe-2 (“Milky Way 2”) is a supercomputer developed by China’s National University of Defense Technology (NUDT). It was completed in June 2013 and is the world’s fastest supercomputer, according to the TOP500 list for June 2013.
The Tianhe-2 has a peak performance of 54.9 petaflops and is powered by three types of processors: Intel Xeon E5-2692s, Nvidia Tesla K20s, and NUDT THROUs. It has a total of 16,000 nodes, each with two CPUs and three GPUs.
The Tianhe-2 is used for a variety of scientific research tasks, including climate modeling, protein folding, and astrophysics. It has also been used to develop new medications and diagnose diseases.
The Sunway TaihuLight Supercomputer
The Sunway TaihuLight is a supercomputer developed by China. It is notable for being the world’s most powerful supercomputer, as well as the world’s first entirelyCPU-based supercomputer. It was designed to run at 93 petaflops on Linpack, and is capable of operating at 125 petaflops when using Huiyuan (FPGA) coprocessors. The system was developed by the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, China, and consists of 10 million cores connected by a proprietary high-speed interconnect.
The system was first announced in June 2016, and became operational in September 2016. It is used for various scientific and engineering applications, including big data analysis, weather forecasting, atmospheric and oceanic research, life sciences, advanced manufacturing, and earthquake simulation.
China’s Exascale Computing Technology
China is the global leader in high-performance computing (HPC). The country has made great strides in developing Exascale computing technology, which is the next big thing in the HPC world. In this article, we will take a look at China’s Exascale computing technology and how it is leading the way.
The Chinese Exascale Computing Initiative
The Chinese Exascale Computing Initiative (CECI) is a national project to develop supercomputing technologies that can achieve one exaflops, or one billion calculations per second. Launched in 2015, CECI is a ten-year project with a budget of $10 billion. The goal of the initiative is to build an exascale computer by 2025 and to commercialize the technology by 2030.
As of 2019, China is leading the way in exascale computing with the world’s first exascale supercomputer, the Sunway TaihuLight. The Sunway TaihuLight is capable of 93 petaflops, or 93 quadrillion calculations per second. It is followed by China’s Tianhe-2, which is capable of 61 petaflops.
The United States is currently working on its own exascale project, called the Exascale Computing Initiative (ECI). The ECI was launched in 2016 with the goal of building an exascale system by 2023. As of 2019, the ECI has not yet completed a prototype and has not set a date for commercialization.
The Chinese Exascale Computing Prototype
China’s Exascale Computing Technology is leading the way in terms of supercomputing power and performance. The Chinese Exascale Computing Prototype is a proof-of-concept system that is being developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. This supercomputer is designed to reach a processing speed of one exaflops, which is equivalent to one million billion calculations per second. If successful, this would make it the world’s fastest supercomputer.
The Chinese Exascale Computing Prototype is being built using a number of cutting-edge technologies, including an Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) EPYC processor and a number of NVIDIA Tesla GPUs. The system will also use a high-speed interconnect called Conga.
The prototype system is expected to be completed by 2020, and if all goes well, China plans to deploy an operational exascale system by 2021. This would make China the first country in the world to deploy an exascale supercomputer.
The Future of Exascale Computing
China is currently leading the way in the development of exascale supercomputers. This technology is able to provide unprecedented levels of performance and is essential for various fields such as weather forecasting, climate research, and earthquake simulation.
The United States Exascale Computing Project
The United States Exascale Computing Project (ECP) is a Department of Energy (DOE) initiative to deliver a capable exascale computing ecosystem, including applications, software technology, hardware technology, and workforce development, for the United States science and engineering community by the end of 2023.
The goal of ECP is to ensure continued leadership in computational science and engineering by providing the community with a capable exascale computing environment. This environment will enable scientists and engineers to solve grand challenge problems that are important to the nation.
To achieve this goal, ECP has brought together a team of experts from around the country to work on different aspects of the project. The team includes scientists and engineers from DOE national laboratories, universities, and industry.
ECP is managed by DOE’s Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration.
The European Union Exascale Computing Initiative
The European Union Exascale Computing Initiative (EUExI) was launched in March 2019 with the goal of developing and deploying Exascale computing technology within Europe by 2023. The initiative is a collaboration between the European Commission, European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking (EuroHPC JU), and various European Exascale research and industry partners.
The EUExI will focus on three key areas:
1. Developing Exascale-ready hardware and software: This includes developing new hardware architectures, scalable software approaches, and efficient system management tools.
2. Creating an ecosystem for Exascale computing in Europe: This includes supporting Exascale application development, deploying testbeds and training facilities, and establishing standards and best practices.
3. Ensuring the socio-economic benefits of Exascale computing: This includes evaluating the economic impact of Exascale deployments, supporting the uptake of Exascale technology in industry and academia, and ensuring responsible research and innovation.