How to Become a Sonogram Technician

Use this guide to learn how to become a sonogram technician and join this growing field of diagnostic medical sonographers.

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What is a sonogram technician?

A sonogram technician, also known as a diagnostic medical sonographer is a professional who performs diagnostic imaging procedures using ultrasound. Sonographers are highly trained health care professionals who work in close collaboration with physicians and other members of the health care team.

In order to become a sonogram technician, one must complete an accredited training program and pass a national certification exam. Although not required in all states, most employers prefer to hire technicians who have earned certification from the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS).

What are the requirements to become a sonogram technician?

The requirements to become a sonogram technician can vary depending on the state you live in. Most states will require you to have completed an accredited program and have passing scores on the ARDMS SPI exam. Some states may also require you to have a certain amount of clinical experience. Let’s take a look at the specific requirements in each state.


While there are no specific education requirements to become a sonogram technician, most employers prefer to hire candidates who have an associate’s degree in diagnostic medical sonography. These programs, which typically take two years to complete, include coursework in anatomy, physiology, medical ethics and patient care. Many programs also include clinical rotations, during which students gain hands-on experience performing sonograms under the supervision of experienced professionals.


sonogram technician, you will need to earn certification from an accredited program. The Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) and the Joint Review Committee on Education in Diagnostic Medical Sonography (JRC-DMS) offer accredited programs in diagnostic medical sonography.

Once you have completed an accredited program, you can then take the national exam offered by the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS). Once you have passed this exam, you will earn the credential Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer (RDMS). To maintain your credential, you will need to complete continuing education credits every three years.

What are the duties of a sonogram technician?

The duties of a sonogram technician are to provide diagnostic patient care services using ultrasound and related diagnostic procedures. The sonogram technician works closely with the physician to provide quality patient care.

The sonogram technician may be responsible for the following duties:

Performing sonographic examinations using independent judgment, in order to provide information needed by physicians for diagnosis and/or treatment of medical conditions;
Positioning patients and selecting appropriate transducers;
Applying knowledge of anatomical structures and sonographic pathophysiology in order to conduct examinations;
Maintaining a high standard of medical ethics at all times and being aware of regulatory guidelines;
Taking responsibility for maintaining his or her own level of continuing education and professional development; and,
ensuring confidentiality of all patient information.

What are the benefits of becoming a sonogram technician?

As a sonogram technician, also called an ultrasound technician you use special equipment to produce images of patients’ internal organs, tissue and blood flow. You might work in a hospital, a clinic or a physician’s office. Your responsibilities might include keeping accurate patient records and answering questions from patients and their families.

Becoming a sonogram technician requires completing an accredited educational program and passing a national certification examination. Some states also require licensure. Although sonogram technicians generally need at least an associate degree, many employers prefer applicants who have earned a bachelor’s degree in diagnostic medical sonography or a related field.

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