What is a X-Ray Technician?

X-Ray techs are responsible for providing diagnostic imaging exams using radiographic equipment. They work closely with patients and physicians to ensure quality images are produced.

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Job Description

An X-ray technician also called a radiographer, is a healthcare professional who uses diagnostic imaging equipment to produce images of the human body. These images are used by physicians to diagnose and treat injuries and diseases.

X-ray technicians typically work in hospitals, clinics, and doctor’s offices. They may also work in mobile units that provide X-ray services at schools, factories, or other locations.

Most X-ray technicians complete a 2-year or 4-year accredited radiography program. Upon completion of their training, they must obtain a state license in order to practice.


A X-Ray Technician, also known as a radiographer, is a medical professional who uses imaging technology to create diagnostic images of the human body. These images are used by physicians to diagnose and treat injuries and illnesses.

X-Ray Technicians operate x-ray machines and perform a variety of diagnostic imaging procedures, such as x-rays, CAT (computerized axial tomography) scans, and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans. They may also assist physicians in interventional procedures, such as biopsies and angiographies.

X-Ray Technicians typically work in hospitals, physician’s offices, or diagnostic imaging centers. They may be required to work evenings or weekends, as well as on call shifts.

Education and Training

Most X-ray technicians have an associate degree in radiologic technology, although some have bachelor’s degrees. In general, courses in mathematics, science and communication are important for prospective X-ray technicians.

All states require X-ray technicians to be licensed or certified. Although requirements vary by state, most programs include classroom and clinical instruction in subjects such as human anatomy, physiology and medical ethics. Students also learn how to position patients and use imaging equipment.

After completing an accredited program, candidates must pass a national certification examination administered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). States that have their own certification process use the ARRT examination as well. Once certified, radiologic technologists must complete continuing education credits to maintain their registration.


To become a certified X-ray technician, you must graduate from an accredited certification program and pass a national exam. Once you have completed these requirements, you will be able to earn the Certified Radiology Technician (CRT) credential.

There are a number of accredited certification programs to choose from, and most will take between 12 and 24 months to complete. Upon completion of an accredited program, you will be eligible to sit for the national exam.

The national exam is administered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technicians (ARRT). To pass the exam, you must demonstrate your knowledge of X-ray technology and safety procedures. Once you have passed the exam, you will be awarded the CRT credential.

With your CRT credential in hand, you will be ready to begin your career as a certified X-ray technician.

Salary and Job Outlook

An X-ray technician is a health care professional who uses imaging technology to produce diagnostic images of the human body. X-ray technicians, also known as radiologic technologists, typically work in hospitals, clinics or diagnostic imaging centers and may specialize in areas such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

The median annual salary for X-ray technicians was $60,070 in May 2017, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Job growth for X-ray technicians is expected to be much faster than average at 9% from 2016 to 2026, according to the BLS.

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