The Chinese are on the verge of releasing an exascale computer, which would be the world’s fastest supercomputer. Here’s how they did it.
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The Chinese Approach to Exascale
China is one of the leading countries in the world when it comes to exascale technology. In fact, they are the first country to develop an operational exascale supercomputer. The Chinese approach to exascale is different from the approaches taken by other countries. They focus on using more custom hardware and software instead of relying on off-the-shelf components. This has helped them to achieve their goal of building an exascale computer sooner than any other country.
The Chinese Government’s Involvement
In order to meet its goals, the Chinese government has been deeply involved in the development of exascale technology. It has invested billions of dollars in research and development, and has established a number of national laboratories devoted to the task. In addition, it has worked closely with a number of international partners, including the united states Japan, and Europe.
One of the key features of the Chinese approach has been its focus on application-led development. Rather than developing technology for technology’s sake, China has been seeking to ensure that its exascale systems will be able to run a range of important applications. This focus has led to close cooperation between China’s computer scientists and engineers, and its physicists, chemists, and biologists.
The other key feature of the Chinese approach has been its focus on indigenous innovation. Rather than relying exclusively on imported technology, China has been seeking to develop its own intellectual property in key areas such as processor design and system software. This has meant investing heavily in basic research, as well as establishing a number of software and hardware companies.
The Chinese Exascale Initiative
In 2015, China announced its intention to build an exascale computer within the next five to ten years, five years sooner than the timeline proposed by the U.S. Exascale Initiative. In June 2016, China completed construction of the world’s first petaflop supercomputer, the Sunway TaihuLight. As of November 2017, China houses 202 of the world’s 500 fastest supercomputers, while the United States houses 143.
The Chinese government has invested heavily in HPC research and development (R&D), with a focus on both hardware and software. In 2003, the National High-Performance Computing Strategic Alliance was formed to promote HPC development in China. The country has also established several key HPC R&D laboratories, including the National Supercomputing Center in Shenzhen and the Tianhe-2 Supercomputer Center in Guangzhou.
In addition to government initiatives, Chinese companies have also played a major role in developing the country’s HPC capabilities. Companies such as Lenovo, Sugon, Dawning Information Industry Co., Ltd., and Huawei have all made significant contributions to China’s HPC progress.
The Chinese Exascale Supercomputer
In June 2015, the Chinese National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) announced that it had built the world’s first exascale supercomputer, the Tianhe-2 (TH-2). This machine was not only the most powerful supercomputer in the world, but it was also the most energy efficient, and it set the record for the highest LINPACK score.
The Tianhe-2 Supercomputer
The Tianhe-2 supercomputer is a Chinese supercomputer that was developed by the National University of Defense Technology. It is currently the world’s fastest supercomputer, surpassing the previous record holder, the Cray XK7 system, which is located at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The Tianhe-2 has a peak performance of 33.86 petaflops (quadrillions of calculations per second).
The system was designed and built by a team of 1,300 scientists and engineers. It is based on a custom-designed architecture that features 18,432 nodes, each equipped with two Intel Ivy Bridge processors and three Xeon Phi 7120P coprocessors. The system uses a total of 3,120,000 CPU cores and 648,000 coprocessor cores.
The Tianhe-2 supercomputer is used for a variety of scientific and engineering applications, including astrophysics, climate modeling,cosmology, material science, earthquake simulation, and protein folding.
The Sunway TaihuLight Supercomputer
The Sunway TaihuLight Supercomputer is a Chinese supercomputer that is powered by 10,649,600 cores and is capable of 93,014.6 teraflops. It was the world’s most powerful supercomputer from June 2016 to June 2017, when it was surpassed by China’s Tianhe-2A.
China’s Plans for the Future
China has long been a powerhouse in the tech industry and they’re only getting stronger. Their latest goal is to create an exascale computer, which is a computer that can perform a billion billion operations per second. In this article, we’ll discuss how China plans to build this exascale computer and what it means for the future of computing.
The Chinese Roadmap to Exascale
China has been investing heavily in supercomputing research and development in recent years, with the goal of becoming the world leader in this field. In 2015, China announced its ambitious plans to achieve “exascale” computing by 2020, which would represent a significant milestone in computing power.
To reach this goal, China has been working on a number of fronts, including research into new architectures and hardware, development of new software tools and techniques, and investment in high-performance computing infrastructure. In 2017, China completed its first exascale-capable supercomputer, the Sunway TaihuLight system, which is currently the fastest supercomputer in the world.
Looking to the future, China’s plans for exascale computing continue to be ambitious. The country is already working on its next generation of supercomputers, with the aim of having them operational by 2020. Beyond that, China has set its sights on achieving “per petaflop” supercomputing power by 2025 and “zettaflop” (1000 petaflops) by 2030.
With its significant investments in exascale research and development, China is well positioned to achieve its goals and become the world leader in supercomputing power in the years to come.
The Chinese Exascale Computing Strategy
In late 2015, the Chinese Academy of Sciences released a whitepaper detailing China’s plans for the future of high performance computing. The Chinese Exascale Computing Strategy calls for the development of an indigenous exascale supercomputing ecosystem by 2030.
China has been focused on developing its own high performance computing capabilities for several years now, and the release of this strategy demonstrates a commitment to remaining a world leader in this area. In addition to outlining plans for the development of exascale technology, the whitepaper also discusses how this technology will be used to benefit various sectors of society, including healthcare, finance, manufacturing, and more.
The Chinese Exascale Computing Strategy is an ambitious plan that will require significant investment and resources. However, given China’s track record in recent years, it is likely that they will be successful in achieving their goal.